Mashhad also spelled Mashad or Meshad, is the second most populous city in Iran and the capital of Khorasan-e Razavi Province. It is located in the northeast of the country, near the borders with Turkmenistan and Afghanistan. It has a population of about 3.5 millions, it was a major oasis along the ancient Silk Road connecting with Merv to the east.
The city is named after the shrine of Imam Reza, the eighth Shia Imam. The Imam was buried in a village in Khorasan, which afterwards gained the name Mashhad, meaning the place of martyrdom. Every year, millions of pilgrims visit the Imam Reza shrine and also, Ferdowsi; the ancient Iranian poet.
Transportations : world clock: GMT +3:30
Mashhad is served by the Mashhad International Airport, which handles domestic flights to Iranian cities and international flights, mostly to neighboring Arab countries. Its airport is the country’s second busiest one, after Tehran Mehrabad Airport; and above Tehran’s Imam Khomeini International Airport. It is connected to 40 destinations.
Mashhad LRT is a light rail transportation system for the city of Mashhad which includes four lines with 84.5 kilometers (52.5 miles) length.
There are some rapid bus services in Mashhad, also called fast bus-based public transport system; with vast stations all over the city.
Mashhad is connected to three major rail lines: Tehran-Mashhad, Mashhad-Bafgh (running south), and Mashhad-Sarakhs at the border with Turkmenistan. Train from Mashhad to Tehran is transferred at least 12 times a day.
Mashhad is linked to different parts of Iran through main high traffic roads.
Best Time to Visit
The best time to visit Mashhad is from April to June and from mid-August to late October. In the winter, the weather could be freezing.
If you prefer to avoid crowds in Mashhad, travel when it is not coinciding with Iranian national and religious holidays particularly Nowruz (March 21 to April 2), Moharram (31 August to 9 September 2019).
Free time planning
There are many activities to do and lots of sights to see in Mashhad.
It is primarily a religious haven for Shiite Muslims. It is home to Imam Reza Holy Shrine (called Haram), the 8th Shia Imam. The shrine is a masterpiece in itself and attracts some 20 million pilgrims and tourists each year. The city also enjoys other tourist attractions such as Nader Shah Mausoleum and Astan Qods Razavi Museum.
There are several water lands, bazars, amusement parks and variety of delicious foods in Mashhad.